Orthopedics is the branch of medicine concerned with diseases, injuries and conditions of the musculoskeletal system. Along with the body’s muscles and skeleton, this includes your joints, ligaments, tendons and nerves. Explore some of the most common orthopedic problems as well as treatment options.
Orthopedic conditions may be treated by your doctor or other medical specialists and healthcare providers. Several doctors from different medical specialties may be involved in the treatment at the same time. This approach is important to manage the symptoms of an orthopedic condition, especially as many symptoms are chronic and change over time. Learn more about some of the medical professionals involved in the treatment of orthopedic conditions.
Before a treatment or rehabilitation plan can be made, your orthopedist must first determine the reason for, and source of, your condition. This typically involves a complete physical exam and a review of your medical history profile, in addition to a description of your symptoms. Find out more about the types of tests your orthopedist may order to diagnose your condition.
Most orthopedic disorders and injuries can be treated in several ways. Treatment can also be a combination of methods. Learn more about the most common treatment plans for orthopedic conditions.
Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure used to diagnose and treat conditions affecting joints. The doctor can directly view the internal structures of a joint using an instrument called an arthroscope. Orthopedic surgeons use arthroscopy to diagnose and treat joint problems. The joint most frequently examined using arthroscopy is the knee. However, arthroscopy can be used in other joints. Learn more about arthroscopy.
When a knee is so severely damaged by disease or injury, an artificial knee replacement may be considered. During knee replacement surgery, joint surfaces are substituted or replaced by prostheses. Nearly 600,000 knee replacement surgeries are performed each year in the U.S. The common age for knee replacement is between 50 and 80 years old.
Hip replacement, also called total hip arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure to replace a worn out or damaged hip joint with prosthesis (an artificial joint). This surgery may be an option after a hip fracture or for severe pain due to arthritis. The goal of hip replacement surgery is to replace the parts of the hip joint that have been damaged and to relieve hip pain that can’t be controlled by other treatments.
Most sports injuries are due to either trauma or overuse of muscles or joints. The majority are caused by minor trauma involving muscles, ligaments, tendons or bones, including: sprains, strains, fractures and dislocations.
Many types of elbow problems require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional. Explore some of the most common elbow problems, including Cubital Tunnel Syndrome, Lateral Epicondylitis (Tennis Elbow) and Medial Epicondylitis (Golfer’s or Baseball Elbow).
The foot is one of the most complex parts of the body. It is made up of 26 bones connected by many joints, muscles, tendons and ligaments. Foot problems can cause pain, inflammation or injury. These problems can result in limited movement and mobility. Foot pain often is caused by improper foot function. Poorly fitting shoes can worsen and, in some cases, cause foot problems. Learn more about common foot problems and their treatments.
The hand is composed of many different bones, muscles and ligaments that allow for a large amount of movement and dexterity. Common hand problems include arthritis and carpal tunnel syndrome. Learn more about the hand and treating hand pain.
The knee is a vulnerable joint that bears a great deal of stress from everyday activities, such as lifting and kneeling, and from high-impact activities, such as jogging and aerobics. Many knee problems are a result of the aging process and continual wear and stress on the knee joint (such as arthritis). Other knee problems are a result of an injury or a sudden movement that strains the knee. Learn more about the knee, common problems and diagnosis of knee pain.
Although the shoulder is the most movable joint in the body, it is also an unstable joint because of its range of motion. Because the ball of the upper arm is larger than the socket of the shoulder, it is susceptible to injury. The shoulder joint must also be supported by soft tissues — muscles, tendons and ligaments — which are also subject to injury, overuse and under use. Explore common shoulder problems and their treatments.
WellSpan has six orthopedic practices including one in Lebanon:
912 Russell Drive
Lebanon, PA 17042
Learn more about WellSpan Orthopedics.