Diabetes is a chronic disease in which blood glucose levels are above normal. Most food we eat is turned into glucose, or sugar, that our bodies use for energy. The pancreas makes a hormone called insulin to help glucose get into the cells of our bodies. Those with diabetes either don’t make enough insulin or can’t use the body’s insulin effectively, which causes sugar to build up in the blood.
- Type 1 diabetes (previously called insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or juvenile-onset diabetes) accounts for about 5 percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes.
- Type 2 diabetes (previously called non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or adult-onset diabetes) accounts for about 90 to 95 percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes.
Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include older age, obesity, family history of diabetes, prior history of gestational diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance, physical inactivity and race/ethnicity. African Americans, Latinos, American Indians and some Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders are at particularly high risk for type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes can cause serious health complications, including heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, and lower-extremity amputations.
I have diabetes. Are there resources available locally?
WellSpan Good Samaritan Hospital has a certified diabetes educator and offers both individual and group Diabetes Education sessions to help you take charge of your health. Learn more about WellSpan Good Samaritan Hospital Diabetes services.
I have diabetes or am high risk for diabetes. How can I lose weight?
Achieving a healthy weight by eating the right foods and increasing your activity can help if you have or are at risk for developing diabetes. Get tips and resources for achieving a Healthy Weight.
My doctor said my diabetes is contributing to my non-healing wound. What can I do?
The WellSpan Center for Wound Healing offers hope for those with non-healing wounds. Learn more about Wound Care.